Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The British India Corporation has gradually extended its settlements, commenced many years ago, until they now provide for about 83 to 90% of their workers. Others have made partial provision for their employees and a total of about 3, 100 quarters have been built by employers. The best employers' housing scheme in Cawnpore is that of the British India Corporation at McRobertganj. In this settlement, 26 acres in extent, 676 single quarters, 140 double quarters and 12 bungalow cottages have been erected. The different grades of quarters generally conform to the same sanitary type, being 12' X 10' X 10' in size, and are usually arranged in small groups around large open stone-paved courtyards shaded with trees and provided with a central water supply. Masonry drains and open spaces at the back permit of sanitation and ventilation. The double quarters have house latrines kept in order by a private conservancy staff and other quarters have public latrines water-flushed and connected with the municipal sewers. Water, sewerage and lighting are supplied by the municipality. About 300 quarters are given rent free, so that the return on the total capital outlay is not more than 2% and, although sub-letting is not prevalent, outsiders are not infrequently brought in as relations. Up to the present the British India Corporation has constructed 2, 264 quarters in which over 8, 000 persons are housed and fifty acres additional land has recently been purchased with a view to extending its housing settlements. Nowhere has such a successful effort beer made to solve the problem of housing for factory labour, yet nowhere is the problem more acute. A proposal to undertake a joint housing scheme for 20, 000 operatives has been under consideration by the millowners for some years: but, as this depends on the compulsory acquisition of the necessary land, it has so far failed to develop.