Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Another factor which must be taken into account when dealing with the health of the worker and the difficulties of adjustment which confront him when he leaves agriculture for industry is the disturbance to family life. In his own village, the balance of the sexes is for the most part normal. When he comes into industry, it is usual for him to leave his family at home. If he has a plot of land, his wife and family must be left behind to till and reap. In addition the housing facilities are ordinarily such that he has little prospect of obtaining suitable family quarters. Too often all that is available is a share of a room, where he keeps his small box. The number of such boxes is generally a sure indication of the number of tenants in the room, showing only too clearly that the "home" is no more than a place in which to cook food and to store possessions. Even where the employer provides housing, he is able to do so only for a proportion of his workers, and in certain cases has confined construction to barrack rooms suitable only for " single " men. There is thus one outstanding and unhealthy characteristic peculiar to the industrial areas, namely a marked disparity in the proportion of the sexes. The number of women per 1, 000 males in the more important industrial cities in 1921 and 1931 was as follows:-—
|Calcutta and Suburbs||500||475||Ahmedabad||763||*|
* Not Available
If it were possible to analyse the figures for the industrial classes separately, the numbers would show an even greater disparity.