Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Except in a few instances, it would be impossible to apply deductions made from researches in the industries of Western countries even to the same problems in similar industries in the East; moreover, problems unknown in Britain call for solution in the industrial field in India. We are anxious not to multiply agencies. The best way of arranging for the necessary research in India would be to entrust it to the Indian Research Fund Association which is already in existence. This work appears to have a claim for special assistance from Government, and it might be possible for employers' associations to finance investigations of this character in the industries in which they are particularly interested. A staff of trained investigators—not all medical—and one or more statistical officers will be required. As in Britain, the staff need not be large, and the necessary specialised training can be acquired after appointment. We therefore suggest that the Association should send suitable candidates, holding the necessary preliminary qualifications, to Europe for their initial training. When the nucleus of a trained staff has been obtained, Indian industry should be able to secure research into the effect on output of hours, temperature and other factors, the suitability of the present meal and rest intervals for the Indian worker, the relations between fatigue and accidents and other problems of a like nature that the conversion of an agriculturalist into an industrialist makes peculiarly important in this country.