Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We now consider some of the methods which should be adopted for improving the general health conditions of the industrial worker.
We have throughout been greatly impressed by the importance of the part played by detects of dietary. The questions of nutrition and dietary are subjects of constant research in most Western countries, and not a few Governments have deemed it advisable to found Institutes of Nutrition, in which the necessary investigations can be organised and carried out and through which co-ordination with outside research can be obtained. We visited the Deficiency Diseases Enquiry Laboratory at Coonoor, where Colonel McCarrison, I.M.S., under the auspices of the Indian Research Fund Association, has been engaged for some years past in nutritional researches. The Royal Commission on Agriculture has indicated the directions in which they consider his work should be linked up with agricultural research problems, and we support their recommendation that India should have an Institute of Nutrition of its own. While we were struck with the advances which had already been made by Colonel McCarrison, it was obvious that his staff was quite insufficient for the purpose we have in view. The Institute should have a Director with a sufficient number of qualified assistants, so that the work so well begun can be extended on a scale more commensurate with India's needs. Publicity work should be a legitimate sphere of activity of such an Institute, because the Indian worker, both industrial and agricultural, requires guidance in regard to his diet. It should be impressed on all concerned that the health and, in a large measure, the happiness and contentment of the workers are bound up with this question, and that, to quote Colonel McCarrison, " the output of work by the human machine is closely related to the quality of the food with which it is provided." The propaganda material required for these purposes could best be prepared under the supervision of the Director of the Institute of Nutrition in consultation with provincial Public Health Departments.