Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Mr Cliff, Mr Joshi and Diwan Chaman Lall dissent from our general conclusion on the ground that if an employer is to exercise the power of making deductions from the wages of the worker, equity demands that he should not be the final arbiter, but that a right of appeal should lie with an impartial tribunal. They are opposed to employers being able to exercise such power. In many instances, the power to make deductions is distributed indiscriminately over a large body of subordinates occupying minor supervisory posts, who do not usually possess the judicial qualities necessary for the exercise of such power. An examination of the working of the system reveals that, in many cases, fining becomes a habit and is resorted to as the line of least resistance. The workers, owing to lack of combination and other causes, are unable to exercise any effective check against the abuses which unquestionably occur. Experience teaches that, where the practice has been discontinued or where it has never been resorted to. the discipline necessary to industry can be maintained and, in their opinion, leads to a better relationship between the employer and the worker. The interests not only of the worker but also of industry dictate that the practice of making deductions from the wages of workers, except the charges for services rendered to which reference is made in the following paragraph, should be prohibited, and they recommend accordingly.