Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The object of regulation should be to prevent excessive and arbitrary fines. In our opinion, legislation should be based on four broad principles. In the first place, the payment of a fine should not be spread over too long a period, and we recommend that the maximum period should be one month from the date on which the fine was imposed. Secondly, we consider that fines should not constitute more than a fixed amount out of the worker's wage. As regards the limit, we observe that the draft standing order, prepared by the Bombay Millowners' Association and endorsed by the Fawcett Committee, fixed the limit at two per cent of a worker's monthly wages. We would prefer, however, a method of calculation which is more easily understood by the worker, and we recommend that the maximum amount deducted in fines should not in any month exceed half an anna in the rupee of the worker's earnings. The payment of wages by other periods than a month may necessitate special provisions, but the same limit should be imposed. The third principle is in regard to the disposal of fines. A number of employers accept no benefit from this source and apply the proceeds to welfare work in various forms. It is particularly important that the fine should in no case benefit the individual responsible for imposing it. We recommend that the sums received from fines should be credited to a purpose beneficial to the employees as a whole and approved by some recognised authority. In the fourth place, in order to give workers some security against arbitrary fines, employers should be required to specify the acts or omissions in respect of which a fine may he imposed. These should be embodied in notices posted where they can be easily seen by the workers, and fines inflicted for any act or omission which is not specified in the notice should be illegal.