Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We have been supplied with figures of dismissals, of discharges under reduction and otherwise, of labour turnover and of absenteeism on different railways and in different departments, but these have been compiled on so many different bases and the explanations given are so varied that we are not prepared to draw definite conclusions there from. We are satisfied, however, that in many departments of railway service the figures of discharges, turnover and absenteeism are higher than they should be in properly organised establishments, even after taking into account the special conditions obtaining in this country. A large proportion of railway workers, particularly the unskilled classes, are drawn from agriculture, and many of the gangmen and others return to such work, especially at sowing and harvesting times. Unauthorised absence amongst the lower grades appears to be a material factor in all the returns of labour turnover. We have already referred to the question of workmen overstaying authorised leave, and recommend that proper records should be kept to permit of a thorough examination of the whole problem with the object of improving the present position. In cases where workers are employed temporarily, we are in favour of a record of their service being maintained, wherever practicable, with a view to their being given priority for permanent employment.