Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
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Owing to the rapid and extensive development of industries in the Calcutta and Howrah areas, land for housing has become scarce and commands extraordinarily high prices. The workers have for long found it difficult to obtain adequate housing accommodation, and to meet their need, private landlords, often mill sardars, erect houses and huts in the neighbourhood of the mills and let these at rents so high as to absorb a considerable proportion of the workers' earnings. Little or no consideration being given to the amenities of life, every available foot of land has been gradually built upon until the degree of overcrowding and congestion, particularly in certain parts of Howrah, is probably unequalled in any other industrial area in India. In Calcutta, the activities of the Improvement Trust in driving roads through some of the worst slums and in providing drainage have only partially improved prevailing conditions in the working class areas.