Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
At the same time we urge that, wherever possible, an allowance should be given to the worker who goes on leave after approved service. The value of holidays in maintaining and increasing efficiency is undoubt ed and few workers need these holidays so much as those employed in Indian factories. The recognition of the claim of the worker to some allowance for a specified period while on recognised leave would have a distinct influence in converting the labour force of a factory from a constantly changing and unsettled mass to a regular and contented group of workers. The effects on discipline and efficiency would be marked, and sickness and absenteeism would be greatly reduced. Most Government factories give such allowances : in some cases workers in such factories are ligible for leave with pay on a scale which must be superior to that enjoyed by any other industrial workers in the world. We do not suggest that private employers should or could attempt to emulate the practice. The scale of allowance is of less importance than the recognition of the leave of absence. It is noteworthy that Government factories are generally able to attract a settled labour force, even where leave allowances are far from liberal or virtually lacking; the attraction is the greater security of tenure, and this is largely dependent on the fact that a Government factory worker can generally go on a period of absence, if he needs it, with A guarantee of re-employment on his return.