Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The truth behind the assertion of the agricultural character of the factory population—and it is a truth of primary importance —is that the great majority of those employed are at heart villagers; they have had in most cases a village upbringing, they have village traditions and they retain some contact with the villages. This does not necessarily mean even that they arc all drawn from agricultural classes. There are in the villages important sections of the population whose occupation is not primarily agricultural and may not be agricultural at all; the weaving sheds of textile factories, the tanneries, the railway workshops and other scenes of urban industry contain many who look back rather to village crafts than to village fields. But agriculture has naturally supplied the bulk of the recently established industrial population. Some factory workers, but far fewer than is frequently supposed, may have a direct interest in agriculture, in that they derive some pecuniary benefit from it; more have indirect interests, in that members of that very variable group, the joint family, or other close relations have agricultural holdings. A larger number still have a home and members of their own family in the village and the latter may secure an income from agricultural work. Occasionally members of the same family relieve each other by turns in factory employment. Even where workers live with their families in the factory areas, many of them look to some village as their home and do their best to retain contact with it.