Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
When the distribution of perennial factories is examined by centres, the most striking feature is the predominance of the Hooghly area surrounding Calcutta. In the city and the throe districts next to it (24 Parganas, Howrah and Hooghly), the factory population is well over 450, 000. Bombay City and Island (with the Bombay Suburban District), which has the next biggest concentration of industry, has about 190, 000, so that these two small areas account for more than half the operatives. With the exception of Ahmedabad, which is virtually limited to a single industry and has a little over 70, 000 operatives, there is no centre with as many as 30, 000 permanent factory workers. Of the secondary centres with a definite concentration of industries, the more important are Madras, Cawnpore, Jamshedpur and Rangoon. Many of the remaining factories are concentrated in capitals where the factory population is a small part of the total population, such as Delhi, Lahore, Lucknow and Nagpur. Centres of this type have generally a few larger factories, and a considerable number of small ones which serve the miscellaneous needs of the city and its vicinity. Apart from such centres, the only approach to a concentration of factories is in the main coalfields and in a few cotton mill towns such as Sholapur.