Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The most striking feature of these scales is the preference shown for lump sums as against recurring payments. Lump sums are invariably due from employers for death and permanent disablement, although in the case of sums due to women and persons under a legal disability, the Commissioner can invest the sums deposited with him or deal with them otherwise for the advantage of the recipients. Recurring payments are made only for temporary disablement; and these can be commuted at any time to a single payment by agreement between the parties, while either party has a right to commutation after payments have been made for six months. The continuance of this system is favoured by employers generally, and workmen also appear to prefer lump-sum payments. The opinion of the trade unions is divided, and it is possible that some of those who advocate a greater use of recurring payments do so in the hope that larger amounts would thereby be payable. The opinion of those who are concerned with the administration of the Act is, on the whole, strongly opposed to any substantial change of the present system, though some would give power to the Commissioners to disburse compensation by installments, without altering the character of the employers' liability.