Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In India the provision of hospitals, dispensaries and medical treatment has been made mainly by the State, although a number of municipalities and industrial concerns have their own medical institutions, the former aided by lump-sum grants from Government. In addition a number of small hospitals are maintained by religious and charitable bodies. Only recently has there been any considerable body of independent medical practitioners, but these tend to be concentrated in the populous centres. With the development of industry in different parts of the country, a new situation has gradually arisen which has three different aspects requiring consideration. The first is where industry has grown up by degrees in the centre of a large town, the numbers employed in the industry being only a fraction of the whole population. In such cases workers are accustomed to utilise the medical facilities already available to the general population. In Bombay, for example, the employers, with few exceptions, have considered it unnecessary to provide additional facilities for the treatment of sick employees. At the same time it was made clear to us that the existing number of hospital beds is quite inadequate to meet the city's needs. The second is where industry has developed in a particular area to such an extent that the industrial workers constitute the bulk of the population. In many such cases the local hospital, originally intended to meet a far smaller need, has not attempted to cope with the steadily increasing population. The third case is where a new industrial concern is started in a rural area remote from any existing medical institution capable of dealing with the large number of new-comers attracted by opportunities for employment.