Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
As these Boards of Health have successfully served the purpose for which they were originally constituted, it is not surprising to find that they should look for other fields of activity. These lie to hand and have been already explored to some extent. For some years past the Asansol Mines Board of Health has maintained three certificated midwives to give free attendance and advice to the women of the mining settlement. The Jharia Mines Board has at present under consideration the construction of a central hospital, the extension of medical relief for women and the provision of maternity-relief and child-welfare centres. Some months ago the Jharia Board also sanctioned an experimental maternity scheme, and in November 1930, a Maternity Supervisor was appointed to supervise the work of midwives employed on a group of collieries in the centre of the coalfield. We deal in another chapter with general welfare activities, including those specifically affecting women, but we believe these to be legitimate extensions of the Boards' activities, and we recommend a policy of steady growth along these lines. In order that no doubt may arise as to the functions which the Boards may legitimately assume, we recommend that the Mining Settlement Acts, which provide for the control and sanitation of these areas in Bihar and in Bengal, should be amended accordingly and that the Boards be re-named Boards of Health and Welfare. We also recommend that each Board should be enlarged so as to give increased representation to employers and to include representatives of the workers, chosen where possible in consultation with their organisations, and at least one woman member.