Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The cost of recruitment varies widely from mine to mine, but it appears to be frequently in the neighbourhood of 3 or 4 annas per ton of coal raised. It is occasionally 1 anna per ton or even less and is sometimes as high as 6 annas per ton. When regard is had to the wages paid, the amount spent on recruiting must be considered high. Each anna per Ion of recruiting costs is equivalent on the average to about 10-12 annas a month for every worker employed. Although a substantial part of these costs, if it does not find its way to the labourer in cash, meets expenses which he would otherwise have to bear, the aim should be the elimination of all recruiting costs. We do not think this an ideal impossible of attainment. In present conditions a shortage of labour and the necessity of sending out emissaries to recruit indicate that all is not well with an industry, and we would emphasise the importance of making conditions sufficiently attractive to secure labour without recourse to systematic recruitment. But some managers have already found that the best advertisement for recruiting is not the emissary in the distant village, but good conditions at the mine itself During recent years improvements in underground working better wages better housing, water-supply and sanitation, and more reasonable hour have all contributed to make the mines more attractive to labour with the result that, although there is now more labour employed than in any year before the war, it is more easily obtained than it was then Some of the recommendations made below should have an effect in further improving conditions and every such improvement should reduce recruiting costs. Indeed, some of the money so spent would be more effectively invested in ameliorating the conditions of labour at the mines.