Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We now come to the consideration of places where no power is used but where any number of workers may be employed, even as many as seven or eight hundred. Here again the main difficulties, not all being necessarily present in any one industry, are the unsuitability or the dilapidated nature of the type of building used, the absence of adequate sanitation, poor lighting, defective ventilation, overcrowding, long hours and—above all—a preponderance in certain cases of the labour of under-age children, i.e., children well below the regulation age for such workers in factories coming under the Factories Act. In these industries. which are of varying sizes, some localised and others widely distributed throughout India, visits paid by us confirm the evidence submitted from various quarters as to the main detects. By way of illustration we cite in greater detail six industries together responsible for large numbers of places typical of this class- -namely, mica cutting and splitting, wool cleaning, shellac manufacture, bidi making, carpet weaving and tanning.