Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The proposals made above are designed for application in the first instance only to factories employing not less than 50 persons, but provincial Governments may be given power to extend any of the provisions of the Act to factories employing less than that number where in their opinion conditions justify such action. We recommend that this be done forthwith in the case of offensive trades such as tanneries and shellac manufacture, irrespective of the number employed, in view of the fact that in such trades the smaller places, which sometimes predominate, are almost invariably the most insanitary. We also recommend similar action in the case of industries, classes of establishment or individual establishments where an appreciable number of young children are employed or where larger places have been broken up in order to escape regulation. Again, it might be necessary to include certain smaller factories in special cases in order to give proprietors of larger factories adequate protection against unfair competition.