Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The second urgent need is the enforcement of what may be termed the minimum standards necessary to ensure the health of the workers. This would include such matters as the necessary structural alterations or repairs to the building, the supply of adequate latrine accommodation, ventilation, lighting and drainage. The Act, in addition to requiring the observance of suitable standards in respect of these matters, might give power to the provincial Governments to apply welfare orders of a simple nature to particular classes or groups of industrial establishments. This would ordinarily be done only when the Government was satisfied from the report of the inspecting authority of the prevalence of certain conditions, which, although detrimental to the health of the workers, could not be remedied under the parent Act. There is no need to enlarge further on this matter here as it has been discussed in the chapter dealing with the working conditions in the factory. Suffice it to say that this is a power which we contemplate would be used moderately and only after careful examination of the facts and of the economic condition of the particular industries or establishments concerned.