Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Prior to 1922, seasonal factories were given a great deal of latitude, both by the law and by the administration. The recognition of the need for better protection of the workers led to the stiffening of the law in respect of seasonal factories and greater vigour in its enforcement. The Factories Act now makes little distinction between seasonal and non-seasonal factories. But in practice the former have tended to secure in matters of exemption and enforcement an amount of latitude which is not accorded to other factories. The degree of latitude varies from province to province, thus making the law somewhat arbitrary and ambiguous. Further, in certain provinces, the natural concentration of an overworked staff on the perennial factories has resulted in too little attention being given to the problems which seasonal factories create. We consider that the law should recognise more definitely the special position of seasonal factories, and that the aim should be to establish standards which may not be identical with those of perennial factories, but which will be enforced with as much vigour as is applicable to the latter. We deal in turn with a number of questions specially or mainly concerning seasonal factories. In respect of matters not discussed here, the recommendations regarding the application of the Factories Act to perennial factories are intended to apply to seasonal factories also.