Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The inspection of seasonal factories presents special difficulties. The bulk of them are widely scattered in rural districts, thus involving lengthy and often difficult travel which has necessarily to be concentrated into that part of the year when the work is in full swing. Moreover with the exception of tea factories, such places are mostly small and frequently owned by uneducated people whose acquaintance with the law it slight and whose isolation makes it easy to practise evasion. This it particularly true of the cotton ginning and pressing factories, where the situation is apt to be further complicated by the pooling system to which we have already referred and by the practice of short-term leases. Such factories are frequently leased for a few years or even for one season and the constant change of ownership involves constant re-education by the factory inspection department. There is also a tendency, in more than one class of seasonal factory, to concentrate work in factories employing just under 20 persons in order to evade the requirements of the Factories Act. Although this has been defeated in some provinces by the extension of the Act to places using power and employing between 10 and 20 persons, the result has been an increase of work for the inspecting staffs We do not consider that proper control can be exercised over the working of the ordinary seasonal factory unless it is inspected at least twice in every season. We recognise that in some cases this is an almost impossible re quirement for the regular officers of the factory inspecting staffs. Apart from considerations of expense, regular inspectors on tour, when away from large centres, are well known and carefully watched and it is difficult for them to make unexpected visits.