Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Factory buildings themselves may constitute a grave danger to the safety of operatives. Tragic proof of this was afforded a few yea ago when the collapse of part of a mill in Ahmedabad resulted in the loss of 26 lives. Subsequent investigations revealed sources of serious danger in other mills. Factory buildings may be weak from the star or machinery may be introduced into buildings designed for other purposes, and insufficiently strong to withstand the strain. Again structural alterations may be made without sufficient regard to the safety of the whole, or the working of a factory may result in the disintegration of part of the fabric. Section 18A, which was added to the Factories Act in 1922. gives inspectors power, in cases of danger, to requires managers to carry out any measures necessary to remove the danger and could be used to secure the strengthening or dismantling of part or all of the building. But it is not ordinarily possible for an inspect or, who is not a structural expert and is in any case precluded from carrying out structural tests to detect sources of danger with cer tainty.