Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Although most of the rise in the incidence of accidents is due to better reporting, it is doubtful if it can all be put down to this cause. It is dangerous to dogmatise where statistics are faulty, but the evidence tends to show that there has been an increase in the risk run by the aver age operative. A considerable part of the increase in the number of operatives has been due to the increase in the number of small factories, in which the incidence of accidents is usually low. Probably increased efficiency has also had some effect, for a rise, in the output per operative lor, what is the same thing, a fall in the number of operatives per unit of output) will in itself increase the incidence of accidents per operative, apart from the increased risk which " speeding up " entails There is reason to believe that the advance in recent years in the complexity of machinery and processes has been more rapid than the advance in the mentality of the operative. Without seeking to approve the readiness of a few employers to attribute the great majority of accidents to causes for which they are not responsible, we would emphasise the fact that too often the operatives have an imperfect realisation of the risks they run. This is, in part, due to the fact that the majority are brought up without any familiarity with machinery, while the steady expansion of industry necessarily involves the employment of a large proportion of inexperienced workers. In consequence of these and other influences, workers display at times a seeming apathy to danger.