Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The following table gives the results of the reported accidents in all factories subject to the Factories Act since the definition of " factory '' was widened in 1922.
No of persons injured
No. of persons injured per 100, 000 employees
|1922||191||1, 207||6, 562||6, 960||14||89||409||512|
|1923||197||1, 333||5, 507||7, 037||17||91||391||499|
|1924||284||1, 690||8, 055||10, 029||20||118||565||703|
|1925||263||2, 181||9, 901||12, 645||18||166||662||846|
|1926||270||3, 155||11, 441||14, 866||18||208||763||979|
|1927||242||3, 403||12, 066||15, 711||16||222||787||1, 026|
|1928||264||3, 494||12, 590||16, 348||17||230||828||1, 076|
|1929||240||4, 389||15, 579||20, 208||15||283||1, 003||1, 301|
The table brings out the fact that the proportion of accidents to operatives which, prior to 1922, had shown only small fluctuations for a generation, has risen very rapidly in recent years. Fortunately there is convincing evidence that this rise represents mainly an improvement in the reporting of accidents. All competent witnesses are agreed upon this point and there is substance in the claim of the Chief Inspector of Factories for Bengal that" the increase in the totals year after year is a measure of the increased efficiency of the department in registering factories both new and long established, and is a result of increased inspection staff and rigour in enforcing the provisions of the Act ". The fact that there has been a great improvement in the reporting of accidents has been established by investigation: it receives independent confirmation from an examination of the statistics of accidents. For the incidence of fatal accidents which, by common consent, are well reported, has shown little variation. On the other hand, the ratio of non-fatal to fatal accidents has risen steadily. There has been no cause at work to increase this ratio except the improvement in reporting, and the fact that the ratio of non-fatal to fatal accidents between 1892 and 1922 was much lower than that experienced in other countries indicated that the reporting of the. formed was defective. It seems probable that even now a considerable number of minor accidents are unreported, but the standard of reporting has so greatly improved that no rise in the figures comparable to that of the last decade may be expected in the future. It should be added that, while a large measure of credit is due to the inspecting staff for the improvement in reporting, other factors have had an influence, particularly the introduction of the Workmen's Compensation Act, which has given the worker a more direct interest in seeing that accidents do not pass unnoticed.