Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
It is difficult to exaggerate the importance of the change. ln the past the employers' powers were strictly limited. The necessity of keeping their factories staffed has led some employees to do much for the welfare of labour, in the provision of housing and other benefits it has also compelled them to tolerate much in the form of low efficiency and slack discipline. The new conditions, if maintained. will give to the employer a greater power, for good or for ill, than he has had in the past. At the same time they will deprive labour of what has hitherto been its main defence against oppression. While the employers will be able to insist on higher standards, the workers, if they are to maintain their position, will require to conform to these and to show more self-reliance and greater cohesion. Further, the new situation is bound to raise new problems for all concerned in questions of labour administration, and to demand the adoption of a new attitude and new methods.