Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We believe that the unrestricted age limit for the employment of children on the plantations of India, is a case in point. We consider it undesirable that children below the age of 10 years should be employed, nor do we believe that the work of such children is of material benefit to the gardens. Moreover this is the statutory age limit for Indian children employed on plantations in Ceylon and Malaya. We accordingly recommend the legal prohibition of the employment, either directly or with their parents, of children on plantations before the age of 10 years. We do not suggest any restriction of the hours of work of persons above that age, as we believe that common sense and individual physical capacity already apply the necessary brake in the vast majority of cases. Nor do we advocate any elaborate machinery, such as the certification by an independent authority of children of employable age We recommend that, in the case of children not born on a plantation and therefore without registered birth certificates, the garden doctor should be required to determine the age before the child is allowed to start work, and that the names of all employed children should be entered in the wage book. The district health officer, when visiting the garden, should be required to satisfy himself that no working child is below the legal age.