Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
When it is remembered that. even in England, what is generally understood as " welfare work " is only of very recent growth, tribute must be paid to the time and thought which have been devoted by individual managers to the well-being and comfort of their labour forces. In order to indicate the lines on which welfare work has so far been evolved and the methods by which these might be extended and improved. IT is worth mentioning a few of the activities brought to our notice. On a. number of gardens two meals a day are supplied free. to all children under 5 or 6 years of age. The free feeding of non-working children is a general practice on the plantations in Ceylon, where it has had a material effect on their health. We consider that. this method of promoting health is a sound investment and should be generally adopted. On other gardens, mothers and their infants are supplied with blankets free of charge, and if difficulty arises in obtaining milk, free issues are also made by the estates. A group of gardens in Assam has adopted the sound practice of weighing all infants regularly and, in the case of children admitted to hospital, of recording their weights on admission and thereafter at regular intervals and at the date of vaccination. The general practice is to make special observation of the children during the annual health survey when house-to-house examination of every resident is made, but a, more frequent examination of the young children would bring to the early notice of the medical officer those who are not in a good state of health and would place him in a better position to plan preventive treatment. Finally in one garden in Assam, the manager tries to ensure a better standard of health in the children by adding 30% to the pay of those labourers who have three or more non-working children living on the plantation.