Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We proceed now to the conditions of employment on the plantations and deal in this chapter with the economic position of the plantation worker, i.e., with matters connected with wages and the system of wage payment, leaving to the subsequent chapter matters connected with health and welfare, which are also of fundamental importance. In regard to wages, there are features which are common to almost all plantations, but there are important variations of method, and it is convenient to deal with each area separately. We begin with Assam, which is the most important, and then deal with the remaining planting areas in North India and finally with those in South India. We regret that no account is possible of labour conditions in the plantations in Burma, which we were unable to visit and in regard to which little information was available. We understand that, as a result of the continuing depression in rubber, many of these plantations have closed down temporarily, and the number of workers has decreased considerably during the last year.