Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Our main proposal is that every future assisted emigrant to an Assam tea garden, whether coming from an area of free or of controlled recruiting, should have the right, after the first three years, to be repatriated at his employer's expense. This right should be statutory, but as the volume of unassisted immigration to Assam is at present negligible, we consider that it would be advisable for the planter, so far as the right of repatriation is concerned, to treat a worker who has come up on his own account in the same way as one who has been assisted to do so. We contemplate that, when an emigrant has served for three years, he should, unless he desires to stay, be sent back by the employer, receiving his fare and the means of subsistence on the journey. It will be necessary to devise some machinery for ensuring that the right of repatriation is everywhere effective, and this should be considered by the planters and the Protector in consultation, as soon as the latter is appointed. Among the matters which would require consideration are the number of days within which a worker who has completed his three years in Assam must be repatriated by his employer and the measures necessary to ensure that a worker surrendering his right of repatriation does so of his own free will. We anticipate that, under a repatriation scheme, some workers will desire to go and others will not: but we hope that a large number will be sent by their employers not with the single fare, which is obligatory under our scheme, but with the promise of a return fare also, i.e., that they will go on short leave and will not abandon Assam.