Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We now proceed to outline the wider powers which the new Act should confer on Government as safeguards in the event of the recrudescence of abuses. Briefly, these should make it possible to re-introduce the system at present in operation with certain modifications. As has been already stated, it is not necessary that power should be retained to prohibit recruitment absolutely, but we recommend that the measure should be so framed as to enable Government to re-introduce in any area the prohibition of recruitment otherwise than by means of licensed garden sardars and licensed recruiters. In effect, this would enable Government, if satisfied that such an extreme step was necessary, to prohibit recruitment in any particular area except by garden sardars, for they would be in a position to withhold licenses from other recruiters. We hope that it will nowhere be necessary to re-impose restrictions on actual recruitment, but, if this necessity should arise, it would ordinarily be unwise to refuse licences to respectable and reliable recruiters resident within the recruiting districts. More effective control" can be exercised by local authorities over persons of this character than over garden sardars, who may be back in Assam before their irregularities come to light. Further, the aim everywhere must be to reach the position when recruits come to. the depot without the intervention of an intermediary, and this implies that either the agent in charge of the depot or some other agent of the employer there must have permission to engage the emigrant.