Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In all the centres visited we invited a selection of those witnesses who had forwarded memoranda to appear before us for oral examination, and we were thus enabled to examine representatives of all the Governments, all the leading associations of employers, nearly all the leading labour associations and a large number of individual witnesses, both official and non-official. We also visited as many industrial undertakings and plantations as we could in order to familiarise ourselves with the nature of the work, to come into closer contact with managements and workers, and to enable us to form a true judgment of the conditions. We made 180 such visits. In addition, in all the more important centres, we made inspections of housing conditions in the areas where the workers live and of hospitals and other institutions which concerned our enquiry. As our tour progressed we found it increasingly useful to examine workers selected by ourselves at the scene of their work or near their own homes. We were thus able, in many cases, to secure evidence of a character which could not have been obtained by summoning the witnesses in question to more formal surroundings. After we had completed the greater part of our first tour, the importance of covering a wide field in the time available made it necessary for us at times to sit in two panels. When these met in the same centre, one panel dealt with railway witnesses. In the Madras Presidency the panel system was employed to enable us to visit more areas than would otherwise have been possible.