Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
As an illustration of what might be possible in mining areas, we would refer to the accommodation provided for its employees by the Burma Oil Company at Yenangyaung. The Company has laid out a number of villages with wide roads and open spaces and with a garden attached to each house, and the likes and dislikes of the different races and classes of worker have been taken into account in preparing designs.
Before construction begins, all plans are approved in respect of health requirements by the medical staff, and adequate water supplies with standpipes, washing places and sanitation are also provided by the management. As a part of the Company's general welfare activities, which are in charge of a full-time welfare officer, prizes are offered for the best kept quarters and gardens. The Company believes that the efforts of the occupants in these directions not only reduce the cost of maintaining the houses but help to raise the standard of living, and we were impressed with the results which had been obtained. On the other hand, the principle of housing numbers of ' single ' men in long barrack rooms, such as we saw at Yenangyanng, is a less happy one, even when the accommodation, as in this instance, is well built and maintained in an admirable state of cleanliness. It is probable that the workers themselves would prefer rooms each capable of accommodating not more than four to six individuals, as under such an arrangement the men could exercise some selection in respect of their room companions and would have a greater degree of privacy than under the barrack scheme. In our opinion future construction of quarters for ' single ' labourers should be arranged on this plan.