Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Although the Cawnpore Improvement Trust has been in existence since 1919 and considerable improvements have been effected by opening up some of the more overcrowded areas, little progress has been made in the construction of additional working class houses. The Improvement Trust may lease, or compulsorily acquire, land required for carrying out an improvement scheme which may include the provision of accommodation for any class of the inhabitants. The Trust can, therefore, acquire land compulsorily for the building of working class dwellings, but it is not charged with the specific duty of their construction and, in the present state of the law, compulsion cannot be exercised in favour of a company or private association desiring to start a housing scheme. Employers in Cawnpore have found it nearly impossible to obtain suitable land for their settlements at anything like a reasonably economic rate. The Improvement Trust Enquiry Committee proposed that building land should be made available to the mills on a 90 years' lease, on payment of a premium equivalent to the acquisition cost plus overhead charges, and that the loans from Government should be repaid in equated instalments extending over a period of 30 years. Both land and buildings would be mortgaged to Government as security for repayment. The Upper India Chamber of Commerce, which has long advocated the necessity for facilitating acquisition of land for industrial dwellings and for the free provision of water, lighting and sanitation by the Municipality, assured the Enquiry Committee that, if Government were willing to lend on these terms, some of the leading mills would build settlements for their workmen in the near future.