Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In the first two cases medical facilities have not expanded with anything like the necessary rapidity to meet, the needs of the increased populations, and in most centres the civil hospitals and dispensaries and the municipal medical institutions are incapable of serving more than a proportion of those in their vicinity. This position has been relieved in certain areas by the assumption on the part of employers of responsibility for the provision of medical aid for their own employees. Some of the jute mills on the Hooghli, for example, have provided admirably planned medical organisations; these are used not only by the employees and their families, but by large numbers of persons unconnected with the industry. We have seen nothing in India to excel the medical organisation and hospital equipment provided by the Angus Jute Mill Company for their workers, and special tribute must be paid to the management of this industrial concern for their work in regard to medical attention and welfare. Many employers, whose industrial concerns were within reach of municipal and Government hospitals, have also made provision, often on a generous scale, for their own labour forces. Others have instituted small dispensaries attached to their works, sending patients suffering from serious illness to the local Government or municipal hospitals. In such cases the firm may either give a substantial annual donation to the hospital or pay the hospital charges of all its employees admitted for treatment. Still other industrial concerns have made no medical provision of any kind for their workers, their contention being that the whole responsibility for the provision of such services should properly lie with the municipalities or local bodies concerned. We believe that those employers who have taken a more humanitarian view have found that their action has had valuable effects on the efficiency of their establishments. Many of the medical organisations in industrial compounds are worthy of great praise and are clearly responsible for a considerable increase in the health and happiness of the workers and their families.