Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The toll of life exacted in India every year by epidemic diseases is still very high, and of them all malaria is perhaps the most devastating. In paragraphs 411 and 412 of the Report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture will be found statements and recommendations with which we agree whole-heartedly. In municipal areas like Bombay the control of malaria is no new problem, nor in many cases is it difficult of solution; but we have found that only too often action on health matters ends with the holding of an investigation and the writing of a report, little effort being made subsequently to carry out even the simplest of its recommendations. We are in agreement with Major Covell, who made a special investigation in Bombay in 1929, that it is only through concerted action on the part of the people themselves, with the guidance and assistance of the State as far as its limited resources in men and money may allow, that a substantial measure of success in controlling malaria can be achieved ". During our tours we could not fail to be impressed with the tremendous importance of malaria in connection with the health of the industrial worker, and in our opinion it would pay both Government and employers to initiate a much more active policy of prevention than has hitherto been undertaken. Every provincial health department should include a malariologist on its headquarter staff, who would not only advise municipal councils and employers on malarial problems, but would train medical officers and others in the principles of anti-malarial work. Effective reduction of the incidence of malaria can be secured by such methods, especially if they are combined with the extended cultivation of cinchona, as recommended by the Agricultural Commission.