Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The industries of India are now of such importance to her economic welfare, and world competition has become so keen, that it is necessary for industry to be conducted upon the most efficient basis possible. To achieve this end conditions detrimental to the health and well-being of the worker must be eliminated. Yet it is not always easy, even for experts, to separate cause and effect when dealing with conditions in the factory itself. In Britain, towards the end of the war, when the many implications of industrial fatigue were beginning to be realised, a Research Board was constituted to investigate the causes and effects of such fatigue in relation to long hours of work, the nature of the operations performed, the surroundings in which they were carried out and the physical conditions imposed thereby. As this work developed, it was inevitable that wider problems should be the subject of investigation, and recently this body has been re-named the Industrial Health Research Board. In a number of directions the investigations have enabled the formulation of definite conclusions of value to industry generally as well as to particular classes of manufacture. Examples of these are researches indicating the importance of scientifically designed and well-adjusted lighting in factories and the establishment of definite seasonal variations in the output of men engaged on heavy muscular work. The study of causes of sickness and absenteeism which underlie the wide variations observed in different industries has also added greatly to the knowledge which previously existed on this subject. These are only a few of the investigations which have already enabled certain branches of industry to adopt changes in practice which have led to increased efficiency.