Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The control of hours of work on all tramways and motor buses raises problems of great complexity. So far as tramways alone are concerned, we do not think that control would be difficult, but it is probably here that it is least needed. The regulation of hours of motor bus workers both in cities and in the country, especially the latter, would be very difficult in the present stage of development, and would involve the restriction of hours, not merely for labour, i.e., for persons who are employed by others, but for owner-drivers with whom we are not concerned. When the hours of work exceed what is reasonable for the driver, they exceed what is safe for the passengers, and both considerations will require increasing attention. But we are not in a position to indicate any general scheme of control which would be effective at the present time. The extension and development of motor transport will necessitate an increasing measure of control by the licensing authorities. We therefore suggest that, in granting licenses, the authorities should consider whether, in particular cases, a limitation on hours is required, and if so, how it can be enforced. We consider it preferable not to enforce a statutory restriction on tramways at this stage, but we recommend to those responsible for their management that the weekly hours should not exceed 54 per week, and that the hours of duty should be so arranged as to compel the workers to take one day's rest in seven.