Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In a number of factories the manufacturing processes disseminate large amounts of dust, arrangements for the elimination of which are frequently defective. Mechanical systems which result in a constant flow of fresh air would add greatly to the comfort of the operative, and would in some cases improve his output. More important is the conservation of the workers' health, for the prevalence of dust may result in pulmonary disease. In certain manufacturing processes, particularly connected with cotton, jute and wool, the reduction of dust to a minimum should be made obligatory. Section 10 of the Factories Act confers ample powers on Inspectors of Factories in this respect and these should be more extensively used. More attention should also be paid to the general cleanliness of factories. Where quantities of dust and fluff are produced, it is important that floors and walls should be regularly cleaned. Periodic white-washing of the interior walls and roofs not only removes collected dust, but helps to improve the lighting. It is difficult to associate efficiency with the grime to be found in some factories. We recommend that. where the rules made by the local Government under Section 37 of the Act do not require the cleaning of factories annually, they should be supplemented in this direction, and that in all cases such rules should be strictly enforced.