National Commission on Labour (1967)||
29.66 Tribal labour as an ethnic group is relatively cohesive and sensitive to changes which appear to its imagination to be almost revolutionary particularly as taking place in its homelands. Since Independence, large scale industries have been set up in the areas the peace of which had not been disturbed over ages. The process of industrialisation has made a vital impact on the tribal economy and its social structure, which are disintegrating. Our Study Group on Tribal Labour has observed that it will be a great loss for development if tribal people are not helped, given time to undergo this cultural mutation and to work out for themselves a synthesis of traditional and modem culture. Large industrial undertakings cannot exist as islands in tribal areas; these haw to be integrated with the life of the tribal people at some points. There is thus the need for a basic change in employment policy towards tribal labour, which merely thought in terms of reservation of certain percentage of posts. New dimensions to this policy will be formulation of programmes for recruitment, training and promotion, all of which need to be reviewed and re-assessed from the point of view of actual benefits and effects they produce on tribal labour. Tribals have demanded certain privileges and rights and opportunities as
'sons of the soil'; these demands cannot be brushed aside, because the tribals have lost their lands which have been acquired for development and have suffered on many counts to facilitate industrial undertakings to come up.
29.67 We recommend evolving a consistent and integrated policy towards involving members of backward communities in the industrial processes at work around them. Employment of tribal labour has improved of late, but mere reservation of posts will no longer help if steps are not taken to make them fit for the jobs, which are likely to be available. Steps should be taken to ensure that local tribal labour, especially the displaced labour gets reasonable - opportunities for recruitment to unskilled and semi-skilled jobs. It should be the duty of the management to arrange for training and education of these workers for skilled positions when employment opportunities are created or are available. Employment exchanges in tribal areas should ensure that there is a longer time-lag between the arrival of the call-cards at the job-seeker's address and the date of interview. Simplification of registration and placement procedures in the employment exchanges should be undertaken, particularly in the case of tribal candidates who are illiterate or possess very low educational qualifications. The method of record keeping should be over-hauled. A liaison should be established between employment exchanges and Voluntary organisations interested in tribal welfare to secure the help of the latter in spreading employment information and assisting job seekers in filling in application forms.