National Commission on Labour (1967)||
28.65 We have noticed a considerable variation in institutional arrangements for formulation, execution and enforcement of policies and programmes relating to agricultural labour. The Revenue Department in every State has its agencies spread all over the rural areas. Apart from normal administration, the Department also implements famine or scarcity relief measures. Owing to developments in the countryside, agricultural labour has come in contact with various other departments, such as Agriculture, Community Development and Panchayat, Cooperation and Labour. As conditions about reaching relief to agricultural labour vary from State to State, the administrative set-up for effective implementation of the relevant policies and programmes will have to be left to the State Governments. Having said this, we suggest that it would be useful to distinguish between different groups of recommendations that have been made and the responsibility allocated for their implementation. For instance, there are (i) functions relating to enforcement of wages, and (ii) functions for development and employment. There should be suitable arrangements for ensuring such coordination as is necessary. In the years to come, as mentioned above, agricultural labour will become organised and conscious, with development of agriculture and operation of such processes as spread of education. Formation of labour corps, organisation of agricultural labour, and fixation, revision and enforcement of their wages have important policy and administrative implications and they have to be spelt out. All this underlines the need for coordination at suitable levels of the vertical administration. We recommend that it is advisable to have one coordinating agency at the Centre and another at the State level. The location of the agency should be best left to the discretion of the Central and State Governments.