Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In nearly every part of India there are long periods when the climatic conditions render physical toil particularly difficult and unpleasant. This is especially true of factory work. In many factories the temperature in the hot weather is higher than that of the air outside, and the air movement is less; in a number of factories the difference is marked. A large number, probably the majority, of factory owners make no endeavour to mitigate the discomfort, to use a mild word, which the hot weather brings to their operatives. Some factories, indeed, suggest that they might have been constructed by cold weather visitors, for they show little respect for the sun in their orientation and elevation. Apart from the regulations relating to humidification and cooling power in cotton textile mills there is no official control of temperatures, nor is any such control possible under the present law. Recent experience has indicated that the reduction of excessive temperatures, or the minimising of their effect, is in many cases easier than is generally supposed. Mr T. Maloney in his official report on Humidification in Indian Cotton Mills- pointed out in 1923 that appreciable educations could be effected by comparatively inexpensive means, and suggested that reductions would prove profitable to the industry as well as advantageous to the operatives. The white-washing of roofs, the spraying of roofs with water, and the provision of electric fans, or even small devices attached to the shaft can often be made without undue expense. Some employers have found that these methods have brought a reward not merely in the greater contentment of the operatives, but in improved1 attention to work and increased production. We consider that there is room for much more work in this direction and recommend to employers a study of what has been done already. We do not, of course, suggest that improvements of this character should be regarded solely in the light of their financial results; in many cases the operatives have a right to demand that the present conditions should not continue, even if improvements are not likely to be remunerative.