Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Under the Factories Act, the provision of sufficient and suitable latrine accommodation is compulsory and local Governments have drawn up scales for latrines varying with the number of operatives. Latrine accommodation is not always adequate, and its quality often leaves much to be desired. It is commonly asserted that the Indian labourer, coming as he often does from a village, is unwilling to use unitary conveniences. Our observations have convinced us that he can be brought to use them without serious difficulty, provided that they are kept in decent order. He rightly refuses to use a latrine whose condition, by the very nature of its construction and supervision, is always filthy. The popularity of the efficient septic tanks, which are a feature of the Bengal jute mills, is only one item of evidence in this direction. This system is to be recommended for areas where the water supply is sufficient. Where the supply cannot be made adequate, recourse must be had to other methods; but every factory should be compelled to maintain separate and sufficient accommodation for males and females, and a staff adequate to maintain the latrines in a state of cleanliness during working hours.