Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The advantages of a shorter week from the point of view of the human needs of the worker do not require to be stressed. When to a 1C hour day one hour of statutory intervals is added (and no reduction in this can be contemplated in so long a day), it means that the operative has ordinarily to remain in the factory precincts for not less than 11 hours. This takes no account of the time spent in going to and returning from work. The remaining hours are generally sufficient for cooking and eating meals, for sleep and for the necessary duties of the home, but, except when the weekly holiday brings its respite, hours of leisure away from the factory are virtually unknown. A reasonable amount of spare time away from the factory is indispensable for the building up of citizenship, for the development of life, as opposed to mere existence, and for the maintenance of physical efficiency. It is worth remembering, moreover, that most of those who are at present compelled to remain in or near the factory for 11 hours a day were brought up in the freedom of the open fields.