Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Before examining the desirability or possibility of amending the law, we review briefly the existing position in respect of working hours in perennial factories. When no date is given, our statements refer to the position in 1929, before the present depression set in. The annual statistics of factories contain statements for each province showing the number of factories in which normal weekly hours fall within specified limits, and we give the all-India figures below.
|Number of factories in which normal weekly hours are:—||For men.||For women.|
|Not above 48||2, 164||1, 723|
|Above 48 and not above 54||1, 008||658|
|Above 54||4, 791||3, 067|
Unfortunately these figures throw little light on the position in perennial factories as they include the seasonal factories also, which constitute about half the total number. For the most part, the latter work both men and women for long hours, but the tea factories, which ordinarily work very short weekly hours, form an important exception. We believe that, if seasonal factories were excluded, factories in which normal hours were not above 54 would constitute substantially more than half the total. But a better view of the position can be obtained by examining in turn the more important industries, and here we have been furnished with a large mass of evidence.