Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The lack of supervisors in India was at first made good in all industries by importing Europeans.
In recent years the cost of the European and the desire to Indianise industry have led to the substitution of Indians. This is proceeding successfully in important sections of industry, and especially in those concerned with engineering and metals. Only a few years ago, literate apprentices were practically unknown, except where Anglo-Indians were available. Schemes of apprenticeship have now been developed in ordnance factories, in most railway workshops, in the iron and steel works at Jamshedpur and in many other factories, and the results generally are distinctly good. The revolution in social ideas and intense economic pressure have combined to break down much of the prejudice against manual work among educated Indians, with the result that the ranks of industry are no longer regarded as suitable only for the illiterate. Simultaneously, the development of technical education has widened the opportunities that industry can offer to those who are willing to " take off their coats ". So far as the industries to which we have referred are concerned, the solution of the problem of obtaining men for the higher ranks of labour would appear to be within sight the advance of the younger generation should effect a great change.