Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
For rapid progress, the application of compulsion is desirable. We regretted to find that in some parts of India there was a tendency, in applying compulsory methods, for municipalities to exclude wards peopled by factory labour on the ground of the backwardness of the population.
The Bombay Municipality, on the other hand, has recently applied compulsion to two wards chiefly inhabited by mill workers, and we recommend to municipalities that wards of this type should be regarded as having a special claim where compulsion can be applied. We would also call attention to the desirability of bringing the upper age-limit for compulsory education at least up to 12 years, the minimum age for factory employment. The present system in Bombay, under which compulsory education stops at 11. involves the loss of a valuable year and jeopardises the results already achieved. We suggest that employers might assist, wherever possible, by lending buildings in the workers' lines or the factory compounds, by equipping schools and in other ways. Moreover the combination of the educational experience of the authorities and the practical wisdom of employers might lead to valuable improvements in the ordinary curricula.