Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
There is another direction in which action can be taken to diminish the jobber's power, and our recommendation here should lead to other important results. At present the figures of turnover in many Indian factories are remarkable. In a large number of factories the fresh employees engaged each month are at least 5% of the establishment, so that, in a period of less than 2 years the fresh engagements exceed in number the total labour force. It is this feature which leads so many employers to suppose that the average factory worker is an agriculturalist, devoting a short period of his life to industry. Actually most of the workers who are taken on as " fresh hands " have been previously employed in the same centre and often in the same mill. In few factories is there a serious attempt to register workers and to maintain touch with those who leave for holidays or are otherwise absent. We met widespread complaints of " absenteeism ", but this is an omnibus term covering Absence from many causes. There are few managers who can say precisely which workers are away because they are idling, which are kept away by sickness, and which have gone on holiday meaning to return. Even workers who have left, with no intention of returning, may be treated for a time as absentees.