Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
If, therefore, authority to legislate in labour matters were withdrawn from the centre in whole or in part, the Council's functions in respect of such legislation could hardly exceed the preparation of legislative proposals for the provincial legislatures and the exercise of such authority as may be delegated to them by legislative enactments. Legislative proposals would be prepared either on the initiative of the Council or on references to them by provincial Governments or Legislatures, and they could be prepared for provincial or general application as the case required. If in respect of any proposal for the adoption of general legislation, a resolution had the support of not less than two-thirds of the Government representatives, it might be made obligatory for provincial Governments within a specified time to submit the proposals to their respective legislatures for a decision; as to their adoption or rejection. We do not advise going further than this. The Council would thus be able to overcome the initial difficulties in the way of translating its desires into action and its composition and outlook would, we hope, make it a powerful influence on public opinion; but the final voice would rest with the members of the legislatures. We would emphasise our viewomparatively small. But there is an important field of labour legislation which may involve substantial expenditure on the part of the State. Schemes of social insurance and various forms of social benefit may be linked with State contributions and State grunts, and, apart from theses can reach common conclusions. While voting may be necessary on a number of occasions, the aim should be to avoid divisions as far as possible. As a minor discouragement to endeavours on the part of employers' or workers' representatives to vote down their opponents with the aid of the other votes, we suggest that votes should be recorded separately in three groups, one including employers' representatives, one workers' representatives and one the remaining members.