Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
In recent years trade unionism has bad to face internal difficulties. For some time efforts have been made by communists in India and from beyond its border to capture the movement. These met with their greatest success in Bombay in 1928. The absence of any strong organisation among the cotton mill workers and a realisation of their weakness, combined with the encouragement given by the result of a prolonged strike, enabled a few of the communist leaders, by an intense effort to capture the imagination of the workers and eventually to sweep over 50, 000 of them into a communist organisation. One effect of these strikes, and particularly the last disastrous strike, has been to render difficult the development of effective trade, union organisation during the next few years. The workers, discouraged and depressed, are divided and many of them are still imbued with communist beliefs and ideals. These factors stand in the way of the creation of an effective organisation with which the employers' association can negotiate. Until this obstacle is removed, better understanding and relationship with the workpeople is exceedingly difficult, if not impossible, of attainment. At the same period renewed political excitement throughout the country led to the appearance of leaders whose interests were mainly political. The divergence of views among the leaders had been increasingly apparent in the All-India Trade Union Congress and this culminated in a split at the end of 1929. Dissensions regarding communism led to the secession of the majority of the unions under their more experienced and responsible leaders and the formation by them of the All-India Trade Union Federation. The position of the trade union movement as a whole is still unstable, and much will depend on its course of development in the next few years.