Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
We doubt, however, if these methods will be adequate in the cage of dependants and, having regard to the special difficulties in their way and to the great importance of ensuring that they do not lose the benefits of the Act through ignorance, their case demands further examination. Although it is satisfactory to note that the proportion of claims paid to possible claims is higher in cases of death than in cases of either permanent or temporary disablement, there are still cases where compensation for a fatal accident should be and is not claimed; and it is our opinion that, unless steps are taken to give some assistance to dependants in the matter, it will be long before they are able, as a class, to take full advantage of the Act. In many cases they live hundreds of miles from the industrial areas, and too often they communicate only at long intervals with the workman whose dependants they are; on occasions they must be ignorant of his whereabouts, and they may not hear of his death until some time has elapsed. In most cases, moreover, the dependants with the best claim are women and children. The spread of a knowledge of the law in industrial areas should not be difficult and is, to some extent, inevitable, but a long time must lapse before that knowledge can be generally diffused in the countless distant villages where so many dependants live.