Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The administration of the Act by specialist officers has given general satisfaction, and we have no doubt that generally it is by far the best method. The evidence indicates that the district officers' courts are inadequately equipped for dealing with Workmen's Compensation claims, that their procedure is too often dilatory and that in some cases they are imperfectly acquainted with the law and procedure. On the whole, magistrates, in spite of their less thorough legal training, probably find it easier than do most civil court judges to accommodate themselves to the requirements of these posts, with their unusual combination of extra-judicial and judicial duties, and we received evidence of some value from magistrates who had experience as Commissioners in industrial centres. But the work demands specialist knowledge and a specialist outlook which is not very easy to acquire. Moreover when an executive or judicial officer has obtained experience, he is liable to be transferred to a district where he has small concern with the Act, and to be replaced by an officer who has little experience of the subject. It is not surprising, therefore, that there should be demands from organisations closely concerned with the Act for the appointment of specialist Commissioners in all provinces.